Anything that says action or response may only be triggered before any story struggle resolution has happened (if the trigger has been met) or after all story struggle resolution has happened. Disrupts are the only player triggered actions that can be used during story struggle resolution.
So if it says Action: or Response: yes it must wait until all story struggles are resolved, which includes winning and resolving any triggered won story effects, and replacing any won stories.
Also remember that Pasive abilities and Forced Response are not triggered by players and occur immediately (following timing structure if there are any conflicts) even during stories, between struggles.
Science is a way of trying not to fool yourself. The first principle is that you must not fool yourself,you are the easiest person to fool.